Laxmi is from a weaver family that makes the famous Pochampally sarees. She used to move her hand 18000 times to get 25 kms of silk thread to set the 2 ASU patterns a day for 2 sarees. Her son made a machine to reduce the ASU (pattern making) time for a Pochampally saree from 5-6 hours hours to just 1.5 hours! Read the story about this MOTHER OF ALL INNOVATIONS & fund the campaign to help change the lives of more Laxmi's.
Pic: Laxmi, Mallesham's mother massaging her arm to ease the pain.
Having watched his mother Laxmi struggle for years & be in constant pain while doing the ‘ASU’ (pattern setting) for weaving Pochampally sarees, Mallesham Chinthakindi, decided to find a way to remove her drudgery, make her life easier and make the ASU process faster. He could not bear to see his mother suffer everyday. His mother would move her hand 18000 times to get 25 kilometres of silk thread to set the 2 ASU patterns a day for 2 sarees. The pain in her arms & shoulders was sometimes unbearable & all that drove her on was the need to make ends meet. In order to solve this problem, he began developing the Laxmi ASU machine which on completion has transformed lives. Where earlier a woman could only make 2 ‘ASU’ patterns a day, they now churn out 7-8 patterns. And this innovation has won numerous awards. He has been honored by Prime Minister Modi, President of India, Pranab Mukherjee, Chief Ministers and CEO’s. He is also a TED talk speaker.
Pic: Narendra Modi presenting the “Amazing Indian” award to Mallesham in January 2016
800 machines have been sold already to the bigger handloom weavers in the Nalgonda, Yadadri & Jangaon districts of Telangana. The small weavers cannot afford this machine. The machine costs INR 25000 & we are running this crowdfunding campaign to get this machine into the homes of 20 such (relatively poor) weaver homes. Some of the weavers can afford 50% of the cost while the others can only afford 25% of the total cost. The cost of 20 machines is INR 5L & the 20 families will part fund approximately 30% to 35 % of the amount.
We are crowdfunding the balance amount of INR 3.5L to help transform the lives of these 20 families. This works out to INR 17500 per family.
ABOUT MALLESHAM & THE “LAXMI ASU” MACHINE
A class 6 dropout (he privately appeared for & passed the 10th standard later), he spent almost 8 years developing a machine, which he named after his mother, which not only reduces the labour required to make a prized Pochampally saree, but also increases the volume that can be produced! He is 44 years old & lives in Alair, a town in Yadadri district (about 2 hours from Hyderabad).
Mallesham has already made and sold over 800 such machines, but there are about 10000 families involved in the weaving trade. He plans to make another 2500 machines, but not all the weavers can afford the INR 25000 that each machine costs. He has turned to crowdfunding in order to subsidize these machines for the remaining families who rely on this very weaving for their livelihood. Your contribution will help transform the lives of these artisans by making it less strenuous & also by helping them earn a decent livelihood for their families.
IMAGINE A 6TH STANDARD DROPOUT WITH NO SUPPORT MAKING SUCH A DRAMATIC INNOVATION.
Pic: The Laxmi ASU machine has got Mr Pranab Mukherjee’s attention as Mallesham explains its features.
Pic: Image of the ASU machine showing the 40 to 1 steel pins setting
The Laxmi ASU Machine, is fully automated and only requires supervision, allowing for better productivity. Where earlier a woman could only make 2 'ASU' patterns per day, the machine now churns out 7-8 patterns without an attendant. There were a limited number of patterns that could be made with the traditional method, now with this machine, there are an unlimited number of different patterns that can be designed.
WHY THE ‘ASU’ MACHINE?
This machine not only makes the weaving of Pochampally sarees easier and faster but it has the ability of transforming the very social fabric of the weaving community in the Nalgonda, Yadadri & Jangaon districts of Telangana.
Pic: Table showing how the Laxmi ASU Machine helps transform lives of these women.
- Increased productivity means a better income.
- Women have the time to participate in the other aspects of weaving giving them more financial stability.
- The ownership of a Laxmi ASU Machine, gives a lot of these women an opportunity for self-employment as well.
- They also save money because they don’t have as many medical issues.
- Widows have taken this up and helps them reintegrate into society.
- Women have more time to spend with their families and to tend to other household needs.
- There are wider variety of sarees to pick from which has made these sarees more popular.
- The girl children now pursues higher education as they are not required to do the ASU anymore.
- Girls are married into families that have a Laxmi ASU Machine.
- Weavers who were leaving the profession due to its complexity now have a renewed passion for it.
HOW THE MACHINE WAS BORN
Mallesham, started work on this machine in 1992. In the beginning, he decided to divide the entire operation into five frames. He built the parts piece by piece, not having any technical training, he got a lot of things wrong and spent the little money he had saved up. He would then weave sarees on looms for a while, earn some money and invest it into building the ASU Machine for his mother. This went on for 4 years. At the age of 24, he got married and the project was shelved for a year.
During this year, he consolidated his ideas and with the support of his wife got down to building the machine again. After a little progress, he needed more funds and took loans from people in his village. When he could not repay them, he faced a lot of social stigma, where people accused him of working on a ‘machine’ rather than finding a way to make a living. The pressure became too much so he moved to Hyderabad carrying the partly developed ASU machine with him where he did casual labour, earned money and worked on the ASU machine. At no time in this journey did Mallesham forget his commitment to reduce his mother's pain.
Pic: The highlighted three districts of Telangana are inhabited by more than 10000 weavers families engaged in Pochampally Tradition. The Laxmi ASU machine aims to increase the financial stability of the weavers by removing the drudgery and increasing the productivity.
This move to Hyderabad came as a blessing in disguise. He saw a lot of different machinery at work and found a way to make progress on his machine. However, he was stuck at the last point where the thread moves to a different line. One day he was working in a machine shop in the Balanagar area in Secunderabad. In one machine, he noticed a movement similar to what his machine required. He immediately went to the workshop and had the kind of piece that he had seen made. He fitted this to his machine, he slowly operated it and to his happiness it worked!
He took the completed machine to the house of a friend of his in Alair, who was a weaver. They tested the machine and it worked perfectly! Once this happened, the people made a beeline for Alair and the rest is history!
- 1986 Dropped out of class 10
- 1991-94 Started working on ASU Machine
- 1997-98 Moved to Hyderabad and worked as casual labour
- Feb 1999 Breakthrough on the ASU machine project
- 1999 Commenced manufacturing machines
- 2000 First ASU machine manufactured and shipped
- 2001 60 machines manufactured and shipped
- 2002-04 Each year 100 machines manufactured and shipped
- 2005 Undertook to reduce the cost and made a machine with higher electronic equipment
- 2006-08 100 of the new and improved ASU machines shipped
- Jan 2009 MIT, FAB LABS, USA selected ASU machine as the best in Asia
- Nov 2009 President of India award for best grassroots innovator
- Jul 2010 Patent awarded by Indian Patent Office
- Nov 2010 Listed in the FORBES List
- Feb 2011 Nominated as Fellow of INK, Talk on TED.com
- Aug 2011 Awarded First Runner up by Samsung Innovation Quotient, 2011
- Sept 2011 Prepared a software for programming the ASU machine for complicated designs
- Dec 2011 Entered into the Hall of Fame of Civil Society Magazine, Delhi.
- Aug 2012 Awarded First Runner up by NABARD in their first season National Competition
ACCOLADES GAINED BY MALLESHAM
- President of India’s Award 2008
- Named in the Forbes list of seven most outstanding Innovations that Impacted rural India, Nov 2009
- First National Award, National Innovation Foundation, Nov 2011
- Samsung Innovation Quotient Award – First Runner Up 2011
- Entry into Hall of Fame of “Civil Society”, Delhi
- INK fellowship (organized by TED.com)
- Publication in Spice Jet Air magazine, India Technology journal, Technology review, Civil Society, many English, regional news papers & many regional periodicals.
Pic: National Innovation Foundation certificate presented to Chintakindi Mallesham
Pic: The Laxmi ‘ASU’ machine
Pic: Mallesham’s mother Laxmi, traditionally setting the ‘ASU’